You must know your skin type. Yes, we have heard this a million times. Yet even after several trips to a cosmetologist, I have only discovered that I have problematic skin. The procedures, of course, helped with rashes and blemishes, but exfoliating my skin at home reversed these results. Luckily, I found a specialist who helped define my skin type (combination skin with a dry top layer) and helped me choose the right skincare products to accommodate with this. The conclusion here is: you must know your skin type. Good news for you, we are here to help you find out what this is and how to take care of it.
There are only 4 skin types, but have different features
At first glance, everything seems simple. In professional cosmetology, there are 4 basic skin types: oily, dry, normal and combination skin. The primary focus is finding out what this may be – it is essential. All skin types can be problematic and sensitive, with good or bad turgor. These imperfections appear in every skin type but in different way; consequently, they need to be corrected with different methods.
The skin type is an indicator of how your skin ‘works’ in terms of producing sweat and sebum. How to define it? The napkin test – it only works to determine the amount of oil your skin produces and is only effective for younger women (up to 30). It’s much more efficient to make your own observations; no one knows your face better than you do. Find out below what the features are for different skin types.
- visible pores;
- inclination to rashes, acne and blackheads;
- oily T-zone;
- potential roughness inn some areas.
- sensitive and tender skin;
- barely noticeable pores;
- frequent itchiness;
- reacts poorly to weather and menstrual cycle.
- a soft, smooth texture;
- fine pores;
- slight shine on the T-zone (varies);
- no blemishes.
- a mix of oily and dry areas (oh, how difficult it is to care for it);
- an oily T zone;
- normal or dry cheeks.
Normal skin is the most ‘comfortable’ skin to take care of; with proper care, it is not prone to early ageing. Other types of skin have its advantages and disadvantages. Having oily skin means you may be more prone to rashes; dry skin type may be more prone to early facial wrinkles. Combination has pros and cons which, again, varies dependant on your own skin.
Features of sensitivity can be experienced by any skin type. Moreover, it can be a more permanent issue due to genetics. Or can be a periodic problem, for example, due to general health.
Which skincare products are suitable for each skin type?
Oily skin type needs more thorough cleansing at night, a gentle exfoliation followed by a mask once a week. Using matte foundations and creams, moisturising night creams, matte base primer and powder all make for a smoother and softer texture.
For dry kin, serums, nourishing creams with high SPF, natural oils for additional nourishment are required. A radiant makeup base primer, a moisturising foundation or CC and BB creams, as well as a mineral powder will guide you to the perfect look.
Normal skin needs minimal care: toning water, light nourishing cream, gentle cleansing, some makeup products are about as much as you might need for taking care of your skin. For a more matte or shining look – everything will fit well.
Combination skin is more complicated. First, moisturising is important, not the use of a nourishing cream. Second, there are specific products specified o n how to use for combination skin as everyone is different. It is best to acquire a line of products for dry and oily skin to use combined. Cosmetologists recommend applying a foundation in a specific manner – apply a moisturiser under the eyes and on the forehead (to combat the dry areas) and use a matte foundation on the cheeks to cover the pores.
For sensitive skin, creams with protection from climatic factors are your best friend. Avoid too much exfoliation on the skin to prevent rashes or blemishes from developing.
With this new information, it is time for you to choose the right products for your skin! But it is still so difficult to discover what products are tailored for your skin. Don’t hope for a universal cream or lotion that fits everyone – they’re only good for normal skin. However, the professionals of the Belarusian-Italian cosmetics brand Belita Vitex have created several lines of products of skincare for different types of skin with emphasis on solving the most significant problems. With their help, you will be able to battle the imperfections of your skin, restoring its youthful and healthy look.